Similarly, bullies have high dropout rates, and those who witness bullying may also skip school in order to avoid exposure to this activity. Those who are bullied may experience an increase in migraines, stomach aches, sleepless nights, and other physical challenges associated with stress and anxiety. Children who are the victims of bullying can get help from their school.
They should talk to a teacher, principal, or school counselor. In addition, someone who has been the victim of a crime should alert the authorities, while those who are feeling hopeless and suicidal can get help through a suicide hotline. There are also ways that people who have been bullied can help themselves. By finding strategies for dealing with their stress, getting therapy, and making strides to maintain a positive self-image, bullying victims can counteract some of the negative effects.
Also, when dealing with the person doing the bullying, if possible, victims should try to remove themselves from the situation to protect themselves. The way parents respond to bullying can go a long way toward helping a child get through the experience. Then it is vital to have open and honest communication, ensuring that the child feels comfortable talking about the experiences. It is also important for parents to educate themselves about what the school can do to help, and inform a teacher about the bullying behaviors their child is experiencing.
They also may be able to get help from programs in the community.
Why Do Kids Bully? Understand Bullying Among Children
Someone who witnesses acts of bullying should report them to an adult, such as a school counselor or teacher. Also, it can be helpful for bystanders to reach out to the person being bullied. Bullying victims can feel isolated, so communicating with them can help them feel better. When bullying occurs, teachers can use intervention techniques that can help both the victims and the bullies. For example, they can establish classroom activities that give students an understanding of the issue, and help to prevent bullying among classmates.
Also, teachers can speak to the bullies and their victims separately and privately in order to mediate the situation. They may also refer both children to counseling so that they get the help they need for their respective problems. Just as there are warning signs that a child is being bullied, there are also signs that parents can look for that their child is a bully. Some of those signs include:. There are a variety of reasons why someone adopts bullying behaviors. People can become bullies to fit in with a crowd of high-status people who are bullies or to feel better about themselves.
It can also be a preemptive way to avoid becoming a victim. Sometimes bullies are also modeling the behaviors they have seen or experienced at home. Schools can stop bullying by creating a culture of tolerance and making it clear that bullying behaviors are unacceptable. Schools can implement rules that stress treating peers and adults with respect, and establish consequences for those who engage in bullying. Also, setting up a system for reporting bullying makes it easier for victims and witnesses to do something about the bullies in their school.
The federal government has not passed legislation about bullying, however, all states have some form of anti-bullying laws. These laws differ from state to state in how they define bullying and the legal recourses available to victims. Provides videos, blogs, and other resources on how students, schools, and communities can address bullying. The American Humane Association discusses bullying from a humanist perspective, stressing the importance of kindness. It also includes publications on different bullying topics. The National Bullying Prevention Center educates children, parents, and communities about the effects of bullying and why prevention is so important.
This site gives tips on how schools can integrate bullying prevention into their culture and policies. Includes information on school and workplace bullying. Includes resources for young people, schools, and families. Includes information on anti-bullying campaigns, how children can get help when bullied, and what can be done to help prevent and stop bullying behaviors. Created by the U. It also has resources for parents and educators. Includes information on what parents can do if their child with disabilities is bullied.
They AAS focuses on training the public to recognize suicide risk and respond to it, addressing common student and workplace situations that could lead to suicide. The National Education Association provides resources to help educators combat bullying in their schools. The National Association of Elementary School Principals gives information that principals can use to stop bullying in their schools. Marlene Seltzer Marlene Seltzer, M. What makes someone turn into a bully? How do bullies choose who they will treat in this way? Bullying in the workplace is usually about power and control.
In over 70 percent of the cases, the bullying is boss to subordinate. Some bullies view aggression positively, show little empathy and have anti-social tendencies. What are some of the emotions that the victims of bullying experience? Most people who are severely bullied suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. Youth who bully are also at increased risk for depression and anxiety.
Targets are at increased risk for suicidality and substance abuse. Victims may retreat into themselves, and becomes smaller and more fearful. Targets create a low-status version of themselves, feeling shame. Some victims, having been bullied over time, become depressed and anxious adults.
Is there anything someone being bullied can do? Do not deal with it alone, go to someone you trust and strategize on how to confront it. Bystander intervention has been shown successful. Ignoring a problem does not make it go away. How can bullying be prevented? By creating psychologically healthy and safe work environments. For more information on violence and how it relates to bullying, please see our Violence Awareness and Prevention Guide.
Verbal Verbal bullying is the use of words to gain power over someone or to torment them.
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Covert As the name suggests, covert bullying is subtle and not easy to detect. Sexual Sexual bullying can include gestures and statements of a sexual nature that are made to intimidate, hurt or offend someone. Reactive This type of bullying is created by the complicated relationship between bullies and their victims. Cyberbullying can be reported in several different ways: School Talking to a teacher, school counselor, or principal can help to end cyberbullying committed by another classmate.
Type of Cyberbullying What It Entails Impersonation When a bully takes on the identity of the victim in order to act out and make that person look bad. Cyberstalking When a cyberbully sends a barrage of threatening or frightening messages to the victim. Flaming Flaming is the use of abusive and vulgar messages to instigate a fight with someone. Proxy attacks Some cyberbullies do not work alone. Effect of Bullying Implications Substance Abuse Those who are the victims of bullies are significantly more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol than those who have not been bullied.
Relationships One of the long-lasting effects of bullying can be seen in how victims handle interpersonal relationships. Physical Health Those who are bullied may experience an increase in migraines, stomach aches, sleepless nights, and other physical challenges associated with stress and anxiety. Help for Bullying What can people do if they are the victims of bullying? What can parents do to help their children who are being bullied? How can someone who witnesses bullying respond?
What can teachers do to help? What are the warning signs that a child is bullying? Some of those signs include: Failure to take responsibility for their own actions Frequently getting into verbal and physical altercations Being disciplined at school on a regular basis Increased concern about their reputation or being a part of the in crowd Having extra money or new belongings without being able to explain how they got them Why do people bully? What are the risk factors for becoming a bully? Some risk factors of becoming a bully include: Bullying policies The federal government has not passed legislation about bullying, however, all states have some form of anti-bullying laws.
Bullying Prevention Edutopia Provides videos, blogs, and other resources on how students, schools, and communities can address bullying. Bullying Prevention and Intervention The American Humane Association discusses bullying from a humanist perspective, stressing the importance of kindness. Bullying Violence Prevention Works Includes information on prevention on the elementary, middle, and high school levels. Kids Against Bullying Includes information about bullying targeted toward elementary school children.
Olweus Bullying Prevention Program Information from one of the leading bullying prevention programs. Prevention at School This site gives tips on how schools can integrate bullying prevention into their culture and policies.
Girl Bullies: Understanding Different Types Of Bullying
Anti-Bullying Network Includes information on school and workplace bullying. Bullying advice This site includes information on how to handle bullying at work and school. Bullying Awareness Week Describes what schools can do to educate students during the week. No Way Promotes safe and supportive school communities. Help Stop Bullying and Cyberbullying Includes information on anti-bullying campaigns, how children can get help when bullied, and what can be done to help prevent and stop bullying behaviors. Teens Against Bullying Addresses how bullying effects teenagers and what they can do about it.
Violence Prevention Works Includes information on bullying, suicide, and interpersonal violence. Bullying and Harassment of Students with Disabilities Includes information on what parents can do if their child with disabilities is bullied. Bullying and Youth with Disabilities and Special Health Needs Provides information on how to protect children with disabilities from bullies. Factoring in Race, Ethnicity and Immigration A discussion on racial and ethnic bullying. Provides information on racial bullying and prevention.
Putting an End to Religious Bullying and Intolerance An overview on religious bullying and how to combat it. American Association of Suicidology They AAS focuses on training the public to recognize suicide risk and respond to it, addressing common student and workplace situations that could lead to suicide. It Starts with Me The National Education Association provides resources to help educators combat bullying in their schools. Bullying Prevention Resources Provides literature guides, articles, and other resources for teachers. Effective Evidence Based Practices for Preventing and Addressing Bullying Includes action steps that educators can use to address bullying in schools.
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Start an anti-bullying program A guide on setting up a bullying awareness program in schools. Tips for Administrators Providers an understanding of bullying to help school administrators. Girls are more likely to engage in premeditated bullying, whereas with boys, bullying tends to be more opportunistic. With boys, bullying is more likely to be physical. Some boys like the status that comes with getting involved in fights.
Girls are more likely to be involved in surreptitious and psychological bullying such as hurting feelings rather than physical bullying. Girls may be bullied by both other girls and boys. Boys, in contrast, are more often bullied only by boys. When bullying is physical , adults tend to react quickly.
Nancy Etcoff, an expert in the neuroscience of emotion, explains: A young girl is wired to connect, so anything that hinders or threatens this is a massive blow. If your daughter is being squeezed out of her social circle by a bully or bullies, it will overshadow everything else in her life. Because girls care so passionately about fitting in and being part of their social group, being bullied about their appearance can hit them especially hard. Research has found that being bullied, even infrequently, raises the risk of depression in girls, whereas with boys the risk is only raised if the bullying is frequent.
The research also found that girls who are bullied are more at risk of engaging in substance use. Another heartbreaking finding from the UK research was that girls who had been bullied then consequently refused to believe nice things said about them—especially about their looks. How are her friendships developing? Is she being kind to others and receiving the kindness she deserves from them?
It can take a while to realize that a girl who appears to be a friend is actually working against you and is perhaps, in an indirect way, a bully themselves. Listen to her and believe her story. Make sure she knows never to ingratiate herself with a bully. Standing up to a bully is usually the best way forward. It takes courage, but with success comes a tremendous sense of self-esteem and empowerment.